Day 1 :
Former Professor and head of Psychiatry, Institute of Medical Science, Banaras Hindu University, India
Indira Sharma has completed her MBBS, MD in Psychiatry, PhD in Forensic Medicine, Diploma in Yoga and Certificate Yoga “Practices in Daily Living”. She is a Vice President at Indian Association of Social Psychiatry. She was a Professor Head of Department of Psychiatry & Head of the Child Psychiatry at Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, India. She was an Associate Professor at University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Professor of Psychiatry, BP Koirala Institute of Medical Sciences, Dharan, Nepal; President of Indian Psychiatry Society; President at SAARC Psychiatric Federation; President of the Indian Association of Child & Adolescent Mental Health; Editor of the Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health; Editor of the Indian Journal of Behavioural Sciences. She has 125 publications in national and international journals (including 2 books and 17 chapters).
Background: Marriage is important social institution. Hindu religion mandates that all persons must marry. In patriarchal societies, such as India, it is difficult to marry women without paying “dowry”, the bride price. Women with mental illness face more problems relating to marriage, than men, which are greatly influenced by the prevailing socio-cultural norms.
Aim: This paper will present the scenario with respect to women, marriage and mental illness in India. It will focus on various stages before, during and after marriage. The paper will highlight the socio-cultural and legal factors relating to the same.
Result: Results of this study are: Solemnization of marriage of women with mental illness is difficult because of disability resulting from mental illness and social stigma; most women with mental illness get married. Arranged marriage, concealment of prior history of mental illness from the prospective party and offer of handsome dowry facilitate the solemnization of marriage; after marriage when mental illness is discovered in the women, rejection is common, especially if the mental illness surfaces within two years of marriage; various marriage laws (e.g., Hindu Marriage Act, Special Marriage Act, etc.,) have put some restrictions on marriage of persons with mental illness; making the marriage voidable if illness is severe, chronic and disabling; many married women with mental illness become victims of domestic violence; a vicious circle sets between domestic violence-mental illness-marriage; the Dowry Prohibition Act, protection of women from Domestic Violence Act and of cruelty by husband and relatives of husband (498A), are often involved from the women’s side for restitution of conjugal rights, not for divorce. This is the “Indian paradox”; significantly larger number of women are separated/divorced and do not receive maintenance/alimony; parents are more worried about the marriage than by the mental illness; most separated/divorced husbands remarry. The 2nd marriage, even when illegal has social approval and; remarriage of separated/divorced women with mental illness, rejected by is not uncommon.
Conclusion: Mental illness affects both men and women, but the effect of severe mental illness is more devastating in married women than in men. There is an urgent need for mental health education regarding acceptability of mental illness.
Director, Dept. of Higher education, Bhubaneshwar, India
Nibedita Jena is presently working as a State Advisor and as a Director of youth policy, in the Department of Higher Education, Government of Odisha, Bhubaneshwar, India. She is also working as a professor at Ravinshaw University, Bhubaneshwar, India
The study aims at finding the relationship between perceived effectiveness and psychological wellbeing of the mothers
(N=112) having disabled children (autism, ADHD and dyslexia) in and around Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha, India,
irrespective of cultural backgrounds, to assess how social support fosters their emotional stability. The demographic conditions
like educational level of the mother, per capita income of the families, educational level of the children and the socio-economic
status of the families are taken into consideration in assessing their wellbeing. By using the Multi-Dimensional Scale of
Perceived Social Support ( MSPSS) developed by Zimet and Farley (1988) and general health questionnaire-12, by Goldberg,
(1970), it is found that there is a significant relationship between perceived effectiveness and psychological wellbeing of the
mothers with disabled children (X2=4.44, p<0.05 and t=0.347, p<0.05 ). Hence, it can be concluded that the differential effects
of psychological wellbeing of the mother might be due to their high perceived social support. The study implicates through
counseling and training programme, the perceived social support of the mothers can be developed and improved to foster their
Professor, Zayed University, United Arab Emirates
Farah Lodi is the Owner of Moving Forward, counseling, consulting and coaching service in Dubai, UAE. She has a Master’s degree in Mental Health Counseling from Seton Hall University in the US, and is a Canadian Certified Counselor and Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. She is a featured writer for the Canadian Counseling and Psychotherapy Association online journal. She is an adjunct Instructor of Psychology at Zayed University in Dubai and frequently invited as a guest Speaker, both in the UAE and internationally.
The Prophet Mohammed’s life is the single most studied and documented of any historical figure, making him a clinically relevant research subject. Over the course of his lifespan, he faced significant trials and tribulations in his personal and public life, experiencing grief and loss, rejection and abandonment, trauma, humiliation, war, poverty and migration. The
strategies that he used to maintain psychological resiliency, can be compared to many modern-day evidence-based practices. For example, mindfulness based stress reduction is currently used to help clients reduce stress, anxiety and depression with MBSR clinics opening up all over the world. The Prophet’s use of prayer, supplication, and zikr (remembrance), is very similar to today’s mindfulness based techniques. Cognitive restructuring- an evidence based CBT practice currently considered to be among the most effective in treating mental health issues, was constantly used by the Prophet when he re-framed challenges
in a faith-based context which helped him find meaning in difficult life events; not only promoting acceptance and distresstolerance, but also promoting post-traumatic growth rather than post-traumatic stress. He practiced behavior activationanother modern day treatment for depression, when he practiced ritual prayers at regular intervals of the day, fasting linked to times of the day, and daily goal-directed purposeful activities. He modeled compassion with his enemies and encouraged selfcompassion over self-criticism, which resonates with principles of compassion-based CBT. In marriage, he modeled kindness
and generosity- the two key factors identified by Dr. John Gottman as predictors for healthy marriages. Through these and many other evidence-based psychological strategies, the Prophet Mohammed developed an internal emotional regulation system that helped him maintain an attitude of optimism and hope. This paper includes analyses of specific teachings and actions of the Prophet that relieve emotional distress and a comparison with best practice clinical treatments used today.
Clinicians need to recognize the importance of the Prophet as a role model for Muslim clients, and the fact that the foundation of his resiliency was spiritual faith. With an understanding of the Muslim mind-set which uses spirituality to support mental health, psychologists can integrate the Prophet’s coping mechanisms into therapeutic interventions; this will help Muslim clients develop an optimistic attitude towards their therapy, maximizing the probability of therapeutic success. Prophet Mohammed provides the framework for an evidence based treatment protocol that can help Muslims tolerate, cope with and solve problems.
Assistant Professor, Ajou University, South Korea
Sun Mi Cho has completed her PhD from Korea University. She is an Associate Professor of Ajou University, School of Medicine, having a reputation as a Young Child & Adolescent Psychologists. She has authored a number of books and articles on “Parenting education and child psychology”.
The aim of this study was to investigate psycho-pathology of victims and bullies in school/cyber violence. This study was conducted to examine the association of school violence, cyber crime and psycho-pathology in Korean adolescents.
Participants were 518 middle school students in Korea and the K-YSR(Korean-Youth Self Report) data were subjected to
ANOVA analyses. The students who were both “victim and bully” showed significant higher scores on depression/anxiety, attention problems, delinquency, aggression and self-harm. ANOVA analysis revealed that status as victim and/or bully was important as a predictor of DSRS scores. Adolescents in the "victim and bully" group scored significantly higher than those of the neither group. In the ANOVA analysis of cyber violence, only the depression/anxiety, attention and thought problem showed significant differences in four different group. Generally, ‘victim and bully’group showed higher scores on the YRS
subscales than those of the other three groups. These results suggested that the psycho-patholgy and mental health were associated with not only the victims but bullies. Juvonen (2013) also found similar result which showed that the 'victim and bully’ showed most severe conduct problem and they reported higher scores of depression and loneliness. In the longitudinal research, victim and bully group had higher morbidity rate on anxiety disorder, depressive disorder and psychotic disorder. We
can insist that the medical assessment and intervention of the students are important and should be considered for the part of policy of school delinquency.
Assistant professor, Sikhsha O Anusandhan University, India
Monalisa Misra has completed her PhD in the Department of Humanities and Social Science from India. Presently, she is working as an Assistant Professor at Sikhsha O Anusandhan University, India. She has published 6 articles in reputed journals.
The role the human representational system creates a significant impact on human transactions. Understanding how personality gets affected by the representational patterns and can enable to invigorate interpersonal interactions, innovativeness, dogmatism, personal excellence, fixative, compulsive, ethnocentric representations and sum total of the acquired and learned beliefs that pave way towards the assimilation of ingrained representational patterns that evolves into various cognitive differentiation, compel the researchers to ponder about the concept. When an interpolation of representational ingredients of the said facts occurs, astonishing results appear, both in personal and inter-personal entities.
Thus, this paper aims to find a correlation of the various non-verbal cues and their effects on the integrated representational systems of adolescent boys and girls (class XI and XII ), of ITER College (N=240), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, by using basic research techniques like SWOT, interview, survey and referential communication test by Cosgrove and Patterson (1977), to emerge with a quotient of positive and potential model on “nonverbal communication” that represents their ‘meta-linguistic’ ability. This representational system plays a vital role in both verbal and nonverbal interpersonal communication, effective particularly in the workforce culture and in the personal relationships, i.e., the unsaid and unspoken gestures, expressions and paralinguistic meters. Hence, the study implicate in focusing and fostering the communicating skills in adolescents for their future achievement perspectives.
Doctoral Program Student of Psychology at Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Putri Marlenny Puspitawati is a Doctoral Program Student of Psychology at Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia. She is also working as a teaching faculty at Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia.
Testimony of sexual violence victims while under police investigation can be an important early statement in the beginning of the search for evidence in filing criminal proceedings. Cognitive development of children who are not yet mature and psychological distress in children who allegedly suffered sexual violence lead to difficulties in the process of police investigation. Therefore, an effective investigation interview technique is necessary but empathetic to victims of sexual assault of a minor
can be created. The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of child-friendly interview-based investigation training of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) 2007 version, in improving empathic interview skills of police investigator in investigation in children under the age of 4-13 years of age who was sexually assaulted. Police investigator (Sat Criminal Unit PPA) was chosen as research subject. The study design was a posttest-only design with nonequivalent groups. Measurement (post-test) was performed on two groups: The experimental group and control group by using
observation check-list. Statistical analysis Mann-Whitney U indicated that police investigators who experienced the emphatic investigation interview skills training (child-friendly interview NICHD-based version 2007) showed higher skills (mean=8) than police investigators who did not attend the training (mean=3) with p=0.008 (p<0.05). This indicates that the training program is effective in improving skills in conducting empathetic police investigator interviewing skills towards child
victims of sexual violence.
Professor and Head of the department of Psychology, Sri Sathya Sai College for Women, Bhubaneswar, India
Santa Misra is at present Reader and Head of Department of Psychology at Sri Sathya Sai College for Women, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. She has done her PhD in Utkal University Vanivihar, India. During her 33 years of career, she provided PhD guidance for more than 10 students. She was also a PhD Evaluator for 3 years. She has published 22 national and 29 international journal articles.
The challenges faced by the clinical psychologists are manifold. That can be categorized under manifestations, assessment or diagnosing causal factors, techniques of treatment procedure and strategies to prohibit, control and manage the manifested situations. To say it in other words - it is really difficult to have a cut-off line between normality and abnormality; whether it matter i.e., the intensity, duration and frequency, in classifying, diagnosing and defining the diseases; whether some mental disorders lend themselves to treatment better than others; whether same disease can be in different forms in different people; whether there is high incidence of co-morbidity (occurring together) in the same person and how to face it, etc. Thus the first challenge of a clinical psychologist is to assess the problem stated by the person concern, then to specify the treatment
procedure fit to the patient, then by using appropriate techniques about how the manifestations can be prohibited, controlled, cured, and managed by the patient with the people around them. Keeping in view the above said focuses, this presentation is an attempt to place some innovative concepts which can act as a mile stone in facing and managing the mal-adaptive behavior, like, ‘Thought process re-engineering’, Concept of ‘Blue Brain’, stimulating the subnormal state of mind by ‘Sleep Learning’ etc.