M Maldonado-Vega received her PhD in Science, specializing in Toxicology and Master of Science from Research and Advanced Studies Center, Politecnical National Institute (CINVESTAV-IPN) México. Her research lines are toxicology labor groups exposed to heavy metals and environmental pollution by solid waste. She currently works on microbiological aspects of air quality and phytoremediation processes of industrial effluents. She has developed different projects in research and technology, which have resulted in forum disclosure of more papers, technical reports and technology transfer. Currently, she has 18 papers in refereed journals and 20 international papers, and two books published on the subject, specialized footwear for diabetics, as well as toxicology, and books chapters published on heavy metals. She has participated with other research groups in short Ales School of Mines in France, The University of the Environment UFZ-Leipzig in Germany, in Mexico, involved with biomedical researchers at the Institute of UNAM, CINVESTAV-IPN Mexico unit and Irapuato, also University of Guanajuato. She is serving as an Editorial Member of several reputed journal like Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy, Journal International Pollution, other Medical journals and Magazine of Biochemistry Education.
Pollution by fine dust from a recycling plant has an impact on living things. The adaptation of microorganisms is a biological alternative with a view to its biotechnological application in the treatment of industrial waste like the slags of a lead recycler. The present work was to isolate and characterize in vitro rhizospheric bacteria from surrounding soil to a Pb (NO3)2 tolerant lead recycling plant (Pb) and with capacity to produce indole compounds-indole acetic acid (AIA) and of sideróforos by means of the techniques of Salkowski and CAS-agar, respectively. We also identify bacterial isolates through the 16S rRNA gene. Ten strains tolerated concentrations between 0.6 and 1.8 mM Pb (NO3)2, of which seven strains had AIA production of up to 60 μg mL-1 and five strains had siderophore production of 0.02 to 0.054 μg mL-1. Qualitatively, the Streptomyces sp isolates presented a more intense orange halo than the Curtobacterium sp and Arthrobacter sp isolates, positive reaction indicator of siderophores production, similar to the positive control of Burkholderia cepacea. The production of siderophores of the hydroxamate type by the isolates L2, L48, L67, L138 and L23 was variable from 0.02-0.054 μg mL-1. The conclusions that there are bacterial strains associated to the rhizosphere of the vegetation cover around the recycling plant of Pb with a high potential to be used in phytoremediation processes. Tests of Ricinus communis plus inoculated with Streptomices sp and Bacillus sp in industrial slag leave guidelines to address an alternative in industrial waste.
Hui-Chuan Liao is an Associate Professor in the College of Nursing, Fooyin University, who has completed her Master’s in Nursing Science from Penn State University. She has taught the long-term care nursing for more than 20 years as well as conducted the practicum teaching for more than ten years both in the elderly and psychiatric settings. Currently she and her teaching team members have developed the simulation scenarios and skills of the long-term care course for the RN-BSN students. She has published approximately 10 articles related to long-term care and simulation teaching as well as 10 conference papers in the domestic and foreign areas.
The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a medical-labor-intensive critical care department equipped with specialized instruments, where most of these patients undergo endo-tracheal intubation. ICU is the strange and closed environment of providing 24 hours service for patients and research has indicated that 16-85% of ICU patients would have the delirium problems. However, if the healthcare professionals could identify the delirium problems of ICU patients earlier, they could prevent the serious consequences of disorientation, confusion, non-cooperation, unusual or irritable behaviors due to delirium problems. Consequently, the death rate of ICU patients with delirium could be decreased and their quality of lives might be increased. Additionally, the benefits of early detecting delirium problems of ICU patients included less nursing care needs, hospitalized day, mortality, but their functions could be increased. Nevertheless, the frequent interventions for delirium problems of ICU patients were sedation and restriction. For instance, in our liver ICU the patients often have the delirium problems by using the different sedations such as PCA, morphine, Haldol, Vena, Dormicum+Fentanyl, Valium with restriction; however, the delirium problems were still existed. Therefore, this study is to explore the delirium problems and approach methods of liver ICU patients in one southern medical center. Purposive samples included one head nurse and one nursing practitioner who will observe, assess, and record the delirium problems and approach methods of 20-30 liver ICU patients following the assessment scale of delirium patients for liver ICU patients developed by the research team. However, the consistency of both evaluators for the assessment scale of delirium patients will be built before conducting the assessment. Based on the information from the assessment scale of delirium patients, the research team would analyze the pattern and trend of approach methods for the liver ICU patients with the purpose of identifying the standardized care protocol. It is expected that the standardized care protocol of the liver ICU delirium patients could provide as the reference for the future clinical guidelines.