Jia Ryu is interested in occupational and environmental medicine, especially work-related stress and work-related psychiatric disorder. So, she is major in occupational and environmental medicine and she is a third years of resident in hospital. She is trying to prevent work-related psychiatric disorder.
Occupational hazards of firefighters include frequent exposure to toxic substances in fire events and the development of traumatic stress in life-threatening situations. These factors put them at higher risk of developing neuropsychiatric diseases. However, studies on developing preventive guidelines for firefighters’ neuropsychiatric problems are insufficient in South Korea. Therefore, we aimed to create a guideline for improving brain resilience to protect firefighters’ neuropsychiatric health. An internal expert group was established for the development of a guideline for preventing firefighters’ neuropsychiatric diseases. The group consisted of five people who were specialists in the fields of occupational and environmental medicine, neuroscience, and psychiatry. The following concrete steps were taken to develop the guideline for firefighters. Firstly, specific topics and directions were set up for the preparation of the guideline. Secondly, major health outcomes and exposures with a focus on neuropsychiatric diseases in firefighters were selected after a literature review. Finally, the structure and organization of the contents to be included in the guideline were discussed. A thorough review of the literature indicates that firefighters are most commonly exposed to organic compounds (carbon monoxide, benzene, toluene, poly aromatic hydrocarbon), heavy metals (lead, manganese), and dusts (fine particles). Furthermore, depressive disorder, sleep disorder, dementia and Parkinson’s disease were included as main outcomes. The guideline describes the occupational factors that may affect the selected disease and explains the mechanism underlying disease progression or occurrence for each occupational factor. Finally, methods for preventing the selected diseases are described in detail, based on first, second and tertiary prevention strategies. This newly developed guideline will be produced in a simple and easy-to-understand method for firefighters who are at the forefront of emergency and fire services. Additionally, we made it possible to revise the guideline according to direct feedback from firefighters. This will help to improve brain resilience and to protect firefighters’ neuropsychiatric health in South Korea. Recent Publications (minimum 5) 1. Jia Ryu (2016) Two cases of methyl alcohol intoxication by sub-chronic inhalation and dermal exposure during aluminum CNC cutting in a small-sized subcontracted factory. Ann Occup Environ Med. 2016;28:65. 2. Jia Ryu (2017) Firefighters and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Korean J Biol Psychiatry. 2017;24(1):10-18.
Soyong Eom received the B.S. degree in Biology and B.A. degree in Psychology from Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, and the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in Clinical Psychology from the Yonsei University. She worked as a residency and research fellow in Department of Psychiatry and Neurology from Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine. She studied as a research scholar at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago in the Northwestern University Department of Pediatrics. Her primary research interests are neurocognitive function and psychological profile of pediatric patients with chronic illness. She has expertise in evaluation and therapeutic interventions for pediatric patients and their caregivers. Her systematic intervention based on cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) creates new pathways for improving psychological healthcare. Recently, she undertook research on factors and their impact on human adaptive function in Neurobehaviors and Brain Connectivity, and Development of ICT-based neurocognitive intervention program.
Cognitive control functions are associated with a wide range of psychological processes, including but not limited to attention, memory, emotional and social processes. Deficits in such functions in children and adolescents are likely to cause problems such as learning disorder (LD) and attention deficient hyper-activity disorder (ADHD). It also may lead to poor social relationships and affect quality of life in the long run. Aim of the current study is to develop and validate a new treatment paradigm that considers both cognitive and non-cognitive functions such as social and communication skills as well as emotional control. In order to improve the accessibility of pre-existing treatment strategies, current study will develop a new form of computerized remediation therapy (CRT) program by implementing mobile-based virtual reality (VR) technology. This new method will open new possibilities in diagnosing and treating cognitive control deficiency by 1) acquiring natural response data (opposed to the types of data that are collected in more controlled settings, such as clinics or laboratories), 2) enabling treatment in an interactive and naturalistic environment, 3) employing artificial intelligence technology to extract principal index from complex multi-dimensional data, 4) strengthening personalized side in executing treatment programs. To achieve those objectives, this study will take an interdisciplinary approach among experts in cognitive and clinical psychology, brain science, artificial intelligence, and information and communication technology (ICT).