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19th Global Nephrologists Annual Meeting, will be organized around the theme “Discovering the progressive technologies and novel therapeutics in nephrology”

Nephrologists 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Nephrologists 2018

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A nephron is the simple structural and functional entity of the kidney. Its chief function is to regulate the concentration of water and soluble substances like sodium salts by filtering the blood, reabsorbing what is needed and excreting the rest as urine. A nephron removes wastes from the body, regulates blood volume and pressure, regulates levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulates blood pH. Its functions are vital to life and are regulated by the endocrine system by hormones such as antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, and parathyroid hormone. In humans, a common kidney contains 800,000 to one million nephrons.

  • Track 1-1Nephrology
  • Track 1-2Advances in Nephrology
  • Track 1-3Vasculitides (Clinical)
  • Track 1-4Clinical Nephrology - General Aspects
  • Track 1-5ADPKD-Update on Diagnosis, Monitoring Progression and Treatment
  • Track 1-6HIV – Nephropathy and Other Associated Kidney Lesions
  • Track 1-7Critical Nephrology
  • Track 1-8Nephrology Nursing

The most common procedure of kidney replacement therapy is dialysis, is a method of cleaning the blood with artificial kidneys. There is of types of dialysis they are:

1. Hemodialysis 2. Peritoneal dialysis.

Hemodialysis: Hemodialysis required with the patients of renal failure. In this process of Hemodialysis, an artificial kidney purifies blood. We ought to make an "access," usually in the forearm where blood can easily be taken from the body and directed to the artificial kidney for purification. The access collects blood from patient body and undergoes purification in artificial kidney and again injected the purified blood in to patient body.

Peritoneal dialysis: In peritoneal dialysis no artificial kidney is used. The peritoneum (lining inside your abdomen) is used as a filter instead of artificial kidney. Peritoneal dialysis is of two types they are continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is used in kidney failure patients.

  • Track 2-1Haemodialysis
  • Track 2-2Peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 2-3Pediatric dialysis
  • Track 2-4Hemofiltration
  • Track 2-5Hemodiafiltration
  • Track 2-6Intestinal dialysis
  • Track 2-7Vascular Access in Dialysis
  • Track 2-8Complications of Dialysis
  • Track 2-9Extracorporeal Dialysis: Techniques and Adequacy

Renal nutrition is concerned with the special nutritional needs of kidney patients. Renal nutrition is concerned with ensuring that kidney patients eat the right foods to make dialysis efficient and improve health. Dialysis clinics have dieticians on staff that who help patients plan meals. Standard guidelines are: eating more high protein foods, and less high salt, high potassium, and high phosphorus foods. Patients are also advised on safe fluid intake levels.

  • Track 3-1Renal Supplements
  • Track 3-2Nutrition Therapy
  • Track 3-3Low Protein Diet
  • Track 3-4Low Phosphorous Diet
  • Track 3-5Low Potassium
  • Track 3-6Low Sodium
  • Track 3-7Fluid Intake

The Kidney is the most universally transplanted organ from a living donor and the decreased donor transplantation is a transplant where the donated kidney takes from died person.  Immunosuppressive medications that help suppress the immune system. Paediatric kidney transplantation is accepted as the treatment option for children with final stage of renal disease. HLA and ABO unsuited transplantations conduct in end-stage kidney disease individuals. Hyper acute rejection usually takes place within the first 24 hours after transplantation. Chronic acute kidney rejection occurs months to years following transplantation. Nephrology treatment will depend on the stage of kidney diseases. Stages one, two and three can usually be treated. Treatment involves making changes to the lifestyle and, in some cases, taking medication to control the blood pressure and lower your blood cholesterol levels. This should help prevent further damage to the kidneys and circulation. Immunologic deregulation leads to the development of autoimmune diseases both limited to the kidney or as part of systemic illness. These comprise primary glomerular diseases and interstitial nephritis.

  • Track 4-1Kidney Transplantation recipients
  • Track 4-2Kidney Biopsy
  • Track 4-3Renal replacement therapy
  • Track 4-4Kidney donors
  • Track 4-5Renal function in living kidney donors

Hypertensive kidney disease is a medical condition referring to impairment to the kidney due to chronic high blood pressure. HN can be divided into two types: benign and malignant. Benign nephrosclerosis is common in individuals over the age of 60 where malignant nephrosclerosis is uncommon and affects 1-5% of individuals with high blood pressure, that have diastolic blood pressure passing 130 mm Hg. It should be illustrious from renovascular hypertension, which is a form of secondary hypertension. In addition, HN can be referred to as hypertensive nephrosclerosis, benign nephrosclerosis, and nephroangiosclerosis. 

  • Track 5-1Hypertension
  • Track 5-2Glomerular hypertension and glomerular hyperfiltration
  • Track 5-3Glomerular ischemia
  • Track 5-4Hypertension and Renal Disease in Pregnancy
  • Track 5-5Hypophosphatemia, Hyperuricemia, Hyperkalemia

Several renal diseases like Polycystic Kidney Disease are result from genetic factors. In polycystic kidney disease number of cysts improves in the kidney, these cysts gradually replace the mass of kidney. Impairing kidney function and leading to renal failure.

Your nephrologist will work to slow or control the reason of your kidney disease. Depending on the root, some types of kidney disease can be cured. Frequently, chronic kidney disease has no prevention. In the event that your kidneys turn out to be extremely harmed, you may require treatment for end-stage kidney diseases. In the event that your kidneys can't stay aware of waste and liquid freedom all alone and you create finish or close kidney disease, you have End-stage renal disorder. By then, dialysis or a kidney transplant is required. Since no particular in option and Ayurveda prescription for kidney can treat kidney disappointment effectively, the best technique is to join them. Immunotherapy, as one extraordinary leap forward in treating end-stage kidney sickness, is only a blend of cutting edge western restorative advances and customary home grown drugs

  • Track 6-1Genetic Diseases of the Kidney
  • Track 6-2Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
  • Track 6-3Papillorenal syndrome
  • Track 6-4Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
  • Track 6-5Renal agenesis
  • Track 6-6Fabry disease
  • Track 6-7Medullary cystic kidney disease
  • Track 6-8Alport Syndrome
  • Track 6-9Nephronophthisis
  • Track 6-10IgA Nephropathy
  • Track 6-11Nephropathy
  • Track 6-12Pylonephritis
  • Track 6-13Polycystic Kidney disease
  • Track 6-14Obstructive nephropathy

A urinary tract infection naturally occurs when bacteria pass in the urinary tract through the urethra and initiate to growth in the bladder. Although the urinary system is designed to keep out such microscopic interlopers, these defences sometimes fail. When that occurs, bacteria may take hold and grow into a full-blown infection in the urinary tract.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very predominantly in women, babies and older people. Around one in two women and one in 20 men will get a UTI in their lifetime. 

  • Track 7-1Urethritis(infection of the urethra)
  • Track 7-2Cystitis(infection of the bladder)
  • Track 7-3Pyelonephritis(infection of the kidneys)
  • Track 7-4Urinary abnormalities in children
  • Track 7-5Obstruction of The Urinary Tract
  • Track 7-6Cancers of the Kidney and Genitourinary Tract

Pediatric Nephrology is a specialization in the diagnosis and management of children with different types of acute and chronic kidney-related diseases. The division assesses and treats hypertension, proteinuria, haematuria, renal tubular acidosis, glomerulonephritis, nephrolithiasis, and kidney disorders. Various kidney diseases like pediatric nephritis is clinically and hereditarily heterogeneous substance portrayed by backsliding, and interminable course with noteworthy dreariness and mortality coming about because of intricacies of the sickness itself, and its treatment.

  • Track 8-1Pediatric Kidney Diseases
  • Track 8-2Pediatric Renal Nutrition
  • Track 8-3Pediatric Kidney Dialysis
  • Track 8-4Pediatric Renal Transplantation

Glomerular disease reduces the ability of the kidneys to sustain a balance of certain substances in bloodstream. Normally, the kidneys should filter toxins out of the bloodstream and emit them in the urine, but should keep red blood cells and protein in the bloodstream. In individuals with glomerular disease, red blood cells and protein might be excreted into the urine, while toxins may be retained.

Glomerular disease can occur by itself or may be associated with an fundamental medical condition that affects other organ systems, such as lupus nephritis, diabetes, or certain infections. Glomerular disease can develop rapidly or develop gradually over a period of years. Treatment of glomerular disease depends upon its cause and type.

  • Track 9-1Nephritis
  • Track 9-2Nephrotic syndrome
  • Track 9-3Acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis
  • Track 9-4Primary glomerulonephritis
  • Track 9-5Lupus nephritis

Kidney disease may also lead to heart disease or coronary illness because of this more than 20 million people died in the U.S. with chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease induces the risk of death from cardiovascular disease. Coronary disease result for more than half of all deaths among individuals with CKD (Chronic kidney diseases).  Indeed, even early or mellow renal disease ailment puts a man at higher danger of heart ailments and heart attacks and also heart disease-related death. Kidney dialysis patients who also have cardiovascular disease are died 10 to 30 times more than in the general cardiovascular patients. Diabetes and hypertension are major risk factors for heart disease and chronic kidney disease. Kidney disease (acute kidney disease or chronic kidney disease) can induce the danger of cardiovascular ill, even with hypertension, high cholesterol and concurrent diabetes. Recent researches show that kidney diseases (renal diseases) induces heart disease, even before the kidneys are harmed to the point of requiring dialysis or transplantation.

  • Track 10-1Effects of Cardiovascular Diseases on The Kidney
  • Track 10-2Effects of The Kidney on The Cardiovascular System
  • Track 10-3Diseases Affecting both Organs
  • Track 10-4Modification of Cardiac Drugs in Renal Disease
  • Track 10-5Kidney and Vascular Diseases

Kidney stone are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. Kidney stones have many causes and can distress any part of your urinary tract from your kidneys to your bladder. Regularly stones arrangement when the urine becomes more concentrated and letting the minerals to crystallize and stick together. Passing kidney stones can be quite painful, but the stones usually cause no permanent damage if they're recognized in a timely fashion. Depending on your condition, you may need nothing more than to take pain medication and drink lots of water to eliminate a kidney stone. 

  • Track 11-1Calcium stones
  • Track 11-2Struvite stones
  • Track 11-3Uric acid stones
  • Track 11-4Cystine stones
  • Track 11-5Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
  • Track 11-6Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an unexpected incident of kidney failure or kidney damage that occurs within a few hours or a few days. AKI causes a build-up of waste products in your blood and makes it tough for your kidneys to keep the right balance of fluid in your body. AKI can also distress other organs such as the brain, heart, and lungs. Acute kidney injury is common in patients who are in the hospital, in intensive care units, and especially in older adults.

  • Track 12-1Prerenal Acute renal Failure
  • Track 12-2Postrenal Acute renal Failure
  • Track 12-3Intrinsic renal failure
  • Track 12-4Tubular
  • Track 12-5Vascular
  • Track 12-6Acute Kidney Injury– Experimental Models

End-stage renal disease also termed as chronic kidney diseases (CKD) comprise conditions that damage kidneys and impair their ability to keep you hygienic by abnormal function. On condition kidney disease gets worse; wastes can accumulate to high levels in your blood and make you feel ill. You may develop issues like anemia, high blood pressure, weak bones, nerve damage and poor nutritional health. Also, kidney disease elevates your risk of having coronary disease and heart problems. These problems may occur slowly for a long period of time. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two main causes of chronic kidney disease.

  • Track 13-1Chronic Kidney Disease Diagnosis, Classification and Progression
  • Track 13-2Cardiovascular Complications of CKD 3-5
  • Track 13-3Anemia (CKD 3-5)
  • Track 13-4Nutrition (CKD 3-5)
  • Track 13-5Infection (CKD 3-5)

Kidney cancer is a disease in which cancer cells are found in the lining of tubules in the kidney. We have two kidneys, behind the peritoneum one on each side of the spinal cord, just above the waist. Small tubules in the kidneys purify the blood. Unabsorbed products formed as urine. The formed urine passes in to bladder through long tube called bladder. The urine stored in bladder until leaves from body through urethra. Kidney cancer perhaps remains clinically occult for most of its course. Immunomodulatory agents and targeted therapy are the standard of care in metastatic disease patients.

  • Track 14-1Renal cell carcinoma
  • Track 14-2Transitional cell carcinoma
  • Track 14-3Sarcoma
  • Track 14-4Wilms Tumor
  • Track 14-5Lyphoma

Tubulointerstitial is used commonly to refer the kidney diseases that consist of structures in the kidney outside the glomerulus. These diseases commonly involve tubules and/or the interstitium of the kidney and spare the glomeruli. Glomerular diseases are regularly associated with projecting tubulointerstitial variations in the scientific appearance is dominated by the consequences of glomerular damage.

  • Track 15-1Interstitial nephritis
  • Track 15-2Analgesic nephropathy
  • Track 15-3Reflux nephropathy
  • Track 15-4Pyelonephritis
  • Track 15-5Urinary tuberculosis

The kidneys are often targeted by pathogenic immune responses against renal auto antigens or by local manifestations of systemic autoimmunity. For the diagnosis renal pathologists use special tests and electron microscopes to detect the cells involved in diseases affecting the kidneys.

Kidney biopsies permit us to analyse renal disorders; review anticipations; help in the resolve of a precise restorative approach; and screen ailment movement in both local and allograft transplant kidneys. To maximally abuse renal biopsy examples, a blend of light, immunofluorescence and electron microscopy is used. Each microscopy requires distinctive strategies for fixation and preparing, so each renal biopsy centres are commonly separated into three sections. Contingent upon the length of the biopsy centre or suspected illness process; in any case, the strategy for partitioning the biopsy centre might be altered.

The renal system uphold homeostasis in the body avoiding significant alterations in the balance of fluid electrolyte or acid–base equivalence until the Glomerular filtration rates reduced to below 25 ml/min because of  a series of versatile changes, both Renal and extra renal. With dynamic decrease in renal capacity these components are overpowered bringing about unsettling influences in water digestion system adding to hypernatremia and hypernatremia. The modified control of sodium transport causes irritated volume status including volume over-burden and exhaustion. The rate of Hyperkalaemia and metabolic acidosis is more incessant in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) with GFR beneath 10 ml/min. In this survey article we will endeavour to audit the renal and supplementary renal adjustment components looking after liquid, electrolyte and corrosive base equalization in endless kidney illness alongside variables which cause disappointment of these instruments. 

  • Track 17-1Disorders of Plasma Osmolality
  • Track 17-2Respiratory Acidosis
  • Track 17-3Metabolic Acidosis
  • Track 17-4Physiology of Acid-Base System
  • Track 17-5Disturbances of Plasma Calcium Concentration
  • Track 17-6Disturbances of Plasma Potassium Concentration
  • Track 17-7Disturbances of Plasma Sodium Concentration
  • Track 17-8Electrolyte Disorders in Diabetes Mellitus
  • Track 17-9Hydration in Kidney Disease Prevention
  • Track 17-10Metabolic Alkalosis

The diabetic kidney disease sometimes also called as diabetic nephropathy is a renal related complication usually occurs in some people with diabetes mellitus. In diabetic nephropathy filters of the kidneys and glomeruli become damaged. In this condition the kidneys leak abnormal quantity of protein from blood into the urine.

If anyone has diabetes, the blood glucose, or blood sugar levels are very high. For prolonged period, this can damage the kidneys. The role of kidney is to clean your blood. In case they are damaged, waste and fluids accumulate in your blood with out of leaving from your body.

If the kidney damage by diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy. Usually it starts long before you have notice symptoms. The beginning sign of it is small quantity of protein in urine. By urine test we can detect diabetic nephropathy or blood test can also determine the functioning of kidneys.

  • Track 18-1Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Track 18-2Diabetes Mellitus (Clinical)
  • Track 18-3Diabetic Nephropathy–Biomarkers of Disease
  • Track 18-4Intensive Management of Blood Glucose
  • Track 18-5Genetics of Kidney Disease–Diabetic Kidney Disease
  • Track 18-6Hypertension-Clinical and Experimental Models
  • Track 18-7Renal Hemodynamics and Vascular Physiology