Ahmed M Elmarakby has completed his PhD from Al-Azhar University and Post-doctoral studies from Al-Azhar University, Faculty of Dentistry, Egypt. He is an Assistant Professor of Restorative Dentistry Science, Alfarabi Colleges, KSA. He is a Lecturer in Operative Dentistry department, Faculty of Dentistry, Al-Azhar University, Egypt. He has published 3 papers in international journals.
Knowing the fact that pediatricians prescribe different iron supplements for children suffering from anemia, it might be interesting to study the effect of common iron supplements products on dental caries. Therefore, the aim of this in vitro study was to study the effect of four iron supplements on the initiation of dental caries. Four products of iron supplements were used. These products were: (1) Fer-in-sol (Bristol Myers Squibb Company, New Jersey, USA), (2) Ferotonic (Ram Pharmaceutical, Amman, Jordan), (3) Feromin (Riyadh Pharma, Riyadh, KSA) and (4) Ferose (Spimaco Al Qassim Pharmaceutical Plant, Saudi Arabia). 120 extracted human teeth were distributed randomly into six groups (n=20). Four groups from the iron products, in addition to a positive and a negative control groups were considered. Mutants streptococci bacteria (6715) grown in Todd Hewitt Broth were used. Assessment of decalcification and cavitation by two examiners was done daily for 60 days. Results revealed that all iron supplements have cariostatic effect and delayed the initiation of the dental caries except Ferose product. The mean dates for decalcification varied, with lowest for the positive control (10 days) and the highest was for Feromin. Cavitation was initiated in two groups; the positive control and Ferose groups. The mean of the first day of cavitation was after 55 days. It is concluded that some iron-supplement products have cariostatic effect. It is advisable to ask pedestrians managing children suffering iron deficiency anemia to prescribe iron-supplement products for treatment of anemia and fighting dental caries.
Ghada A El Baz has completed her PhD and Post-doctoral studies from the Faculty of Dentistry, Suez Canal University. She is an Assistant Professor of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Suez Canal University. She has published around 20 papers in national and international journals.
\r\nBackground & Aim: Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) pose the greatest challenge for pediatric dentists due to their complex and varied oral and dental manifestations. The present study was designed to compare the degree of dental root development of permanent teeth and the mandibular radio-density of a group of children with ASDs with those of healthy children. \r\n\r\nMaterials & Methods: Thirty children (6-8 years) were included in this study, 15 of the children had been previously diagnosed with ASDs (autistic group B) while the other 15 were healthy children (control group A). Digital panoramic radiographs for all children were obtained for bilateral measurement of the root length and the apical width of the lower permanent first molars and central incisors. In addition, the radio-density of the mandibular bone at the symphysis and the angle regions was evaluated. \r\n\r\nResults: Group B showed statistically significant shorter mean root length values than group A for the first permanent molars. While for apical root width; group B showed statistically significant wider mean apical width values than group A for both permanent central incisors and first permanent molars. Regarding the mandibular radio-density, the autistic group B showed statistically significant lower mean values than the control group A at both, angle of the mandible and symphyseal areas. \r\n\r\nConclusion: Children with ASDs experience significant delayed dental development and lower mandibular bone radio-density compared to healthy children. \r\n