Scientific Program

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Day 1 :

  • Clinical psychology/ Clinical Psychologist/Clinical Pathophysiology

Session Introduction

Prof. Sven barnow

Heidelberg University Germany

Title: Emotions Under Control: Managing Emotions
Speaker
Biography:

Since 2003, my research has mainly focused on emotion regulation (ER), especially in the context of
psychopathology, for example borderline personality disorder (BPD) or depression (e.g., Barnow, 2012,
2014; Barnow et al., 2013; Barnow et al., 2012). In this process, my research has been driven by questions
such as: "How do people regulate their emotions?", “Which mechanisms moderate the association between
ER and psychopathology/well-being?”. Further, our research group has gained expertise in ecological
momentary assessments of emotional processes during several projects (e.g. the Greifswalder Family Study
supported by the Federal Research Community (DFG) and the collaborative project CANSAS supported by
the Ministry of Education and Science. To summarize, my research has shown that emotion regulation
processes are correlated with well-being and can predict the development and course of psychopathology.
Considering these findings, we have developed an ER-group training called “Emotions Under Control
(EUC)”, which I have described in a book published in the Springer Verlag (Barnow, 2014, 2015: Gefühle
im Griff) and elsewere (Barnow et al., 2014). My work has resulted in 151 peer-reviewed publications (end
of June 2015), I edited 41 book chapters, and 8 books. My work was published in well-respected journals of
my discipline, including Psychological Medicine, Biological Psychiatry, Biological Psychology, American

Abstract:

Several studies have shown that emotion regulation (ER) and its relationship to well-being should
be characterized by at least four parameters: first by ER-effectiveness (e.g. Sheppes and Gross,
2012); second by the frequency at which a specific ER-strategy is utilized; third by its adaptiveness,
and fourth by how flexibly ER is taking place (e.g. Bonanno, & Burton, 2013). In my presentation,
empirical findings with respect to the association between ER and well-being are reviewed (first
part). Based on these findings, we developed the group intervention “Managing Emotions:
Emotions under control” (German: “Gefühle im Griff”), which systematically teaches participants
specific emotion regulation strategies. Structure and content of the intervention program as well as
preliminary results of efficacy are presented in the second part of my talk.

Biography:

Piyali is a Singapore Registered Psychologist (SRP) and an Approved Supervisor recognized by the Singapore Psychological Society. She is a Doctorate Candidate of Clinical Psychology, Group Psychotherapy. Professional School of Psychology, California, USA. She holds M.Phil and Masters in Clinical Psychology and Applied Psychology. Piyali is the Head of the Psychology Department at Cerebral Palsy Alliance Singapore and is a Consulting Clinical Psychologist at Scott Psychological Centre for ADHD & Developmental Trauma. Piyali is a Certified Choice Theory Reality Therapist (CTRT) through the William Glasser Institute of USA. She is also trained in Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy (CBT). Her clinical interests lie in managing anxiety and depression as well as issues related to lifestyle and relationship changes for both adults and children. Recognizing the effectiveness of different intervention modalities, Piyali conducts workshops and facilitates group therapy sessions to support clients in managing their challenges. 

Abstract:

With a worldwide trend of an increasing number of children identified with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), more families are faced with the demands of having to care for children with ASD (Lai, Goh, Oei & Sung, 2015). Parents and caregivers of children with ASD are confronted with a more diverse and complex range of challenges (Giallo, Wood, Jellett & Porter, 2013; Krast & Van Hecke, 2012; Lai et al., 2015) and face more stress (Weiss, 2002) than caregivers of typically developing children despite the severity of the ASD.

In highly stressful situations, individuals with insecure attachment were found to experience more distress and seem to be at risk of maladjustment (Mikulincer & Florian, 1998). Parents with insecure attachment styles were associated with less sensitive parenting and more negative support behaviours (Collins and Feeney, 2000; Mill-Koonce et al., 2011). Given that parenting children with ASD is associated with increased stress, it is likely that parents with insecure attachment may experience greater distress than parents with secure attachment when caring for children with ASD. Such disposition, in turn, may further limit their abilities to care for their children with ASD.

As such, an 8-week psycho-group therapy was piloted to facilitate parents’ acceptance of their children with ASD through increasing awareness of their attachment styles, their coping strategies and facts about ASD. Six participants participated in the group therapy. Preliminary analyses, based on their written and verbal responses, appear to suggest that parents with insecure attachment styles tended to use ineffective coping strategies (e.g. denial: “remain silent”) as compared to more effective coping strategies (e.g. problem-focused “explain my thoughts”). There appears to be a shift in the perspective of their children and parenting from deficit focused (e.g. “Stay in his own world”) to more acceptance statements (e.g. “Patience”).

Speaker
Biography:

Subandi is a clinical psychologist graduated from Department Psychiatry, the University of Adelaide, Australia. His focus of research is on socio cultural aspects of mental health problems. In the last five years he has been working with Byron Good, a Medical Anthropologist from Harvard Medical School, to strengthen mental health services in Indonesia. This is very important because the number of mental health professionals (psychiatrist, psychologist, mental health nurse) in Indonesia is very limited. In response to this mental health gap, we develop a community based mental health team in primary health care centers.  This team, which consists of GPs, nurses and mental health volunteers (cadres), could promote mental health services in the community.   

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: In 2014 Indonesia launched a national health insurance scheme called Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (National Health Protection/ Insurance). All Indonesians can expect to receive a range of medical treatment coverages under this scheme. A dramatic increase in the number of patients visiting health facilities was evident shortly after the introduction of the scheme, however mentally ill patients show a different case. This research aims to explore Indonesia’s national health protection schemes’ implementation for mentally ill patients in mental hospitals and primary health centers within the special province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: This study used a qualitative case study approach. We collected the necessary data through surveys, interviews, and group discussions. The sample for the survey include 237 mentally ill patients and their family members. Public health promotion theory was utilized to increase better service for mentally ill patients. Findings: Psychiatric diagnosis that the Indonesian national health protection covers to include somatoform, dementia, insomnia, anxiety, depression and psychotic disorder. The data indicated that the visit of mentally ill patients to primary health centers only slightly increase after the scheme was introduced. Several problems have been identifies on the implementation of the scheme. Conclusions: The Indonesian National and Local Health Protection scheme is beneficial for mentally ill patients, despite a number of problems facing the implementation. An improvement of the system should be done to create a better service that could support the recovery process of mentally ill patients

Farzaneh Fouladgar

Centre for Clinical Psychology, university of the Punjab, Lahore.

Title: Cross-Cultural Validation of Dysfunctional Attitude Scale Form-A
Biography:

Abstract:

The present research explored dysfunctional attitude in Iranian and Pakistani university students. For this purpose, a total sample of 1500 was taken including equal number from Iran and Pakistan with an age range of 20-40 years. The data were collected from Public Universities of Iran (Isfahan & Kashan) and Pakistan (University of the Punjab and Government College University).The Dysfunctional Attitude of participants was assessed through Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS, Beck & Wiessman, 1980). A series of exploratory factor analyses was run to identify the factors underlying each dimension of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale Form-A.  Exploratory Factor Analysis yielded four factor solution of 40 items of DAS-A, which reflected themes of Perfectionism (Fifteen items); Approval (Twelve items); Achievement (seven items) and Autonomy (six items).The findings indicated that Pakistani students showed more dysfunctional attitude of perfectionism, approval and autonomy than Iranian students, whereas, Iranian students scored high on dysfunctional attitude of achievement. Regarding gender differences, the findings revealed that Pakistani men showed more dysfunctional attitude related to achievement than Pakistani women and Iranian women showed more dysfunctional attitude of autonomy than Iranian men. It can be concluded that dysfunctional attitude of university students vary from culture to culture.

Jyoti Srivastava

Research Scholar, Dept. Of Surgical Oncology, Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU

Title: Perceived Social Support, Psychological Resilience and Gender Differences among Cancer Survivors
Biography:

Abstract:

Resilience and Perceived Social Support (PSS) as psychological constructs in the recovery from cancer have been studied widely. They are important predictors giving insight into how different individuals deal with stressful situations in life. Studies have reported that different gender addresses the variables differently. This study aims to find out how well PSS predicts the Psychological Resilience of cancer survivors. 120 cancer survivors, age range 30-65 years were tested with Social Support Questionnaire and Connor Davidson Resilience Scale (Indian adaptation). The result indicated a significant positive relationship between PSS and Psychological Resilience in cancer patients. In addition, PSS from family played a more important role for effective coping. It was found that PSS from the females differed significantly from males through analysis of  ‘t’ test. Significant gender differences for cancer survivors’ psychological resilience to fight against their disease was found whereby females were generally better resilient as compared to males.

  • Methods of Clinical Psychology/E-Therapy and E-Counseling/Clinical Psychology Instruments

Session Introduction

Lawrence Tan kok Kah

Institute of Mental Health Singapore

Title: Capturing the moment: Single Session Therapy for Gambling disorder
Speaker
Biography:

Lawrence Tan kok Kah MA, CGAC, SCAC, CSC, Registered Psychologist (SPS), Approved Clinical Supervisor (SPS) is a Senior Psychologist with the National Addictions Management Service (NAMS). Having worked with the department for the past 11 years, Lawrence manages patients with both substance (drugs and alcohol) and process/ behavioural (gambling, cyber-gaming, compulsive sexual behaviours) addictions. As a head of gambling treatment services and key member of the treatment evaluation work group, Lawrence plays a critical role in the organization’s treatment and research initiatives, and tracking of outcomes of interventions. Lawrence regularly conducts both public education talks and training for professionals on managing addictive behaviours. In 2009, He was awarded a Health Manpower Development Program scholarship for a two-month attachment at the Problem Gambling Services, State of Connecticut, Department of Mental Health, US, where he further enhanced his clinical expertise in gambling disorders. He was also awarded the NHG Teaching Award for Non-Physicians in 2012. He has also been in the consulting team with NAMS when the Tokyo Metropolitan government visited Singapore for a discussion on best practices in gambling treatment and social safeguards. In 2013 and 2016, he was invited to APBAM (Asia Pacific Behavioural and Addiction Medicine) conference to speak about gambling related psychosocial treatment. 

Abstract:

The aim of the above workshop is to help create a better understanding of Single Session Therapy (SST), a type of brief intervention that has been used widely to work with a range of different psychological disorders. In the realm of addictions (especially for people struggling with a gambling disorder) where the default rate of help-seekers is known to be high, SST has a special role in assessing motivation, planting seeds of change and getting help-seekers to think about utilizing resources available for them. It is also about “seizing the moment” where therapists work with the understanding that the very first contact with the help-seeker could very well be the one and only contact they would have.

In this workshop, we would attempt to give participants a brief overview by looking at the efficacy of brief interventions for gambling disorder and going through the key components of SST (which includes brief advice & assessment, paradoxical interventions, motivational enhancement therapy, solution focused brief therapy, cognitive behavioural approaches, narrative therapy and the use of metaphors and analogies). We would also attempt to give participants a sense of what goes on in a typical SST session (which includes the types of questions to ask to gather important information, ways to make these questions therapeutic in the process of gathering information, linking the information gathered to interventions and suggestions and making a closure). These mentioned sub-components of the workshop will be further enhanced by the use of video clips and real life clinical examples encountered in the process of administering SST.  

FarzanehFouladgar

Centre for Clinical Psychology, university of the Punjab, Lahore.

Title: Dysfunctional Attitude and Performance Anxiety among University Students from Iran and Pakistan
Biography:

Abstract:

The present research explored relationship between dysfunctional attitude and performance anxiety in Iranian and Pakistani university students. The study also explored an interesting culture and gender similarities and differences in Iranian and Pakistani university students.For this purpose, a total sample of 1500 students was taken including equal numbers from Iran and Pakistan with an age range of 20-40 years. The data were collected from Public Universities of Iran (Isfahan &Kashan) and Pakistan (University of the Punjab and Government College University). The Dysfunctional Attitude of participants was assessed through Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS; Beck &Wiessman, 1980). The performance anxiety level of participants was assessed by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-Y; Spielberger, 1983). Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient was employed to assess relationship between dysfunctional attitude and anxieties. The independent t-test was employed to see culture differences and gender differences among students. The findings indicated that dysfunctional attitude had significant positive relationship with state-trait anxiety in Pakistani and Iranian samples. The findings also revealed that trait anxiety and state anxiety were significant positive relationship with each others. In terms of gender differences, the findings revealed that Pakistani men showed more dysfunctional attitude of achievement than Pakistani women. No gender differences found in dysfunctional attitude of achievement in Iranian university students. In terms of culture differences, the findings indicated that Iranian students more likely to have dysfunctional attitude of achievement and state anxiety as compared to Pakistani students. The present research strongly recommended treating performance anxiety by using cognitive -behavior therapy in which students learn to perform more effectively following prolonged exposure to an audience.

Farah Malik, PhD

Institute of Applied Psychology University of the Punjab, Lahore

Title: Family Environment, Peer Relations, Self-Regulation and Positive Youth Development (PYD)
Biography:

Prof. Farah Malik, the Director of Institute of Applied Psychology & Center for Clinical Psychology has wide expertise in assessment development, translation and adaptation. She has a passion in research with major interest in areas of Clinical Psychology (especially child and adolescents), family violence, child abuse and neglect, cognitive and forensic Psychology and has published a number of researches in these areas along with clinical psychology. She had supervised over 100 MPhil, MS and PhD students (combined). She is Chief Editor of Journal of Behavioral Science and had been Chief Editor of Pakistan Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology. She has been working in collaborations with eminent researchers in UK, USA, Germany, and Austria etc.; some projects are still in progress. Corresponding 

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: the study investigated family environment, peer relations and positive development in youth taking self-regulation as a mediator. It was hypothesized that effective family environment, good peer relations, self-regulation would be positively related to positive development in youth. Further, self-regulation would mediate the relationship between family environment, peer relations, and PYD. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: It was a correlational study with special focus on youth that considered best comprehended as a time of transition from childhood reliance to freedom of adulthood (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2016).  The clinicians and researchers, both agree based their speculations and theories on a very basic supposition that youth are integrally prone to behave in uncivilized and unsafe ways that is not true as many facots play role in their positive development. A sample of the study consisted of 344 young individuals was drawn with age of 14-24 years. Measures included Self-report Family Inventory (Beavers & Hampson, 2000), Peer Relations Scale (Petersen, Schulenberg, Abramowitz, Offer, & Jarcho, 1984), Short Self-regulation Questionnaire (Carey, Neal, & Collins, 2004), and Positive Youth Development Inventory (Arnold, Nott, & Meinhold, 2012). Findings: Results showed significantly positive relationship with family environment with good peer relations, self-regulation, and PYD. The peer relations were positively correlated with self-regulation and PYD. Mediation Analysis using SEM revealed that self-regulation was a significant mediator between family environment and PYD and it also mediated the relationship between peer relations and PYD in presence of control variables. Conclusion & Significance: Conclusively, a proficient family environment was significantly related with good peer relations and self-regulation and positive youth development; also with PYD domains of competence, confidence, character, care, connection, and contribution.  Moreover, good peer relations were key elements for self-regulation and PYD in youth. The results were discussed in Pakistani socio-cultural context.

  • Advanced Therapeutic Approaches/Clinical Training and Case Reports/Ananlysis, Assesment and Diagnosis

Session Introduction

Melissa Harte

Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia

Title: The use of Task Analysis to test a model of change for the expanded Emotion Focused Therapy (EFT) task of Focusing
Speaker
Biography:

Dr Melissa Harte is an experienced Psychologist and presenter, passionate about dealing with psychological issues from a whole-of-person perspective. She has a doctorate in Counselling Psychology and is undertaking a Masters in Clinical Psychology at Swinburne University of Technology in Australia. She runs a thriving private practice, and offers training, supervision and professional development within an Emotion Focused Therapy (EFT) framework. She is the only Internationally Accredited Emotion Focused Therapy Trainer in Australia. She established the Harte Felt Centre to ensure a safe environment for client-centred healing practices in Australia that provides a supportive community for both practitioners and clients. She is the Training and Program Director of the newly formed Australian Institute for Emotion Focused Therapy (AIEFT).  Her current research using Task Analysis has explored the expansion of the Focusing Task to include assisting people to process unresolved painful past events.

Abstract:

Statement of the problem: The trauma researcher van der Kolk wrote that for some people traumatic experiences are encoded primarily in right-brain experiential (nonverbal) memory, in the form of emotions, images and bodily sensations and are not processed on the symbolic or verbal level thereby leaving the experiences unintegrated. The aim of the current research was to investigate a model of bringing previously suppressed or incomplete memories of painful or traumatic events back into awareness in such a way that they can be processed and integrated. The model to be tested was proposed by the author and expanded the Emotion Focused Therapy (EFT) task of Focusing to include processing painful or traumatic events. Methodology and Theoretical Orientation: Task Analysis a method developed to discover and validate client processes of change was employed. EFT was developed using Task Analysis so it was considered the appropriate methodology for this investigation. Clients who had experienced painful of traumatic events of low level intensity and not at risk of destabilisation were invited by their therapists to be part of the study.  Twelve single sessions were visually recorded and transcripts produced. Rigorous observation of the recorded sessions of clients working with their therapists on resolving their painful/traumatic events using the expanded Focusing task were undertaken by the author and a second rater who was familiar to the task and EFT.  Findings: A sequential three stage empirical model emerged from the analysis. Conclusion and Significance: The implementation of Task Analysis enabled the researchers to build an empirically derived model of how therapeutic change occurred for clients who present with a felt sense of emotional pain due to an unresolved painful/traumatic event. The resultant empirical model describes a newly named EFT Task for Processing Trauma when the marker is identified as a felt sense of emotional pain.